КГУ "Карагандинская областная юношеская библиотека имени Жайыка Бектурова"

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KENESARA KASYMOV (1802-47), the known khan (since 1841), grandson Abylay khan. The leader national will release. revolts of 1837-47 against the Russian colonial policy.

In 1825 I participated in the armed revolt organized by his brother by sultan Sarzhan. In 1836 I continued revolt after cruel murder by the Tashkent master of his brothers Sarzhan, Esengeldy. Sudden attack to the Akmolinsk order in Apr. Crowned success thanks to bravery and K.Kenesara's dexterity 1838. Capture of the Ekaterinsk village protected by the Cossack armies, in Aug. 1844 — one of manifestations of valor of Kenesara. Defeat risen the big army which has united under banners of Ahmet and Mukhamed Zhanturinykh against Kenesary from 21st for July 22 is top of skill of martial art. K.Kasymov's opponents lost 44 sultans this night. The group of the colonel Dunikovsky, standing in several kilometers, didn't dare to interfere with battle. Revolt lasted more than 10 years. The Polish exiled Adolf Yanushkevich was surprised personality K.Kenesary, compared him to Abd al-Kader, the leader of the Algerian people in fight against colonization of French in 19 century. Great traveler P. P. Semenov-Tyan-Shan named him "Mitridat of the Kyrgyz steppe". In correspondences with the governor of Orenburg count V. A.Petrovskim and the governor general of Western Siberia prince V. D. Gorchakov Kenesary I suggested to solve disputes between Russia and the Kazakh khanate by negotiations. The main requirements of the khan were to stop construction of fortresses, to dismiss districts, to forbid khanate colonization. Kenesary's requirements I sent to tsar Nikolay І, to prince Gorchakov, to the embassy headed by the diplomat of Tobyldy Tokhtin. Diplomatic contacts were necessary in order that part of local feudal lords who were for the imperial power, came over to his side. The senior sultan of the Akmolinsky district colonel Konyrkulzha Kudaymendiyevich opposed Kenesary, carried on propaganda against the khan. Despite it the main part of three shoes supported the khan, more than 80 sultans from Akmolinsky, Bayanaulsky, Kokchetav districts were Kenesary's allies. Colleagues of the khan in this fight were his brothers the Belt, Musa, Nauryzbay, Sarzhan's children, the widow of the Art. of the sultan Shyngysa Ayganym, etc. Under the flag of the khan batyrs of three shoes, such as battled: Agymay, Angal, Bayseit, Taymas, Sauryk, Nauryzbay, Bukharbay, Iman, Suranshy, Tolebay, etc. But, without having sustained an impact of the Orenburg and Siberian Cossacks, Kenesara it was compelled to move from the Average Zhuz territory where revolt, towards Zhetysu arose. The purpose of the khan was to find support in Semirechye where descendants of Abylay of the khan governed, and to continue fight against Russia and the government of Kokand.


Congress by summer of 1846 at which the general Vishnevka collected to a Torah and sultans of Ayaguz, Karkaraly, Kokpektin and Semirechye districts, became blow for Kenesara. It didn't find other way out how to go to Kyrgyz. Main manap Orman opposed with hundred-thousandth army Kenesary who had also 100 thousand soldiers, armed with two guns. In the middle of April, 1847 the superiority of Kyrgyz led to Kenesary's defeat and his death. In the history of Kenesary's Kazakh people remains as the great commander, the politician, the diplomat, trying to overcome intergeneric contradictions and not regretted life for the sake of people association.