КГУ "Карагандинская областная юношеская библиотека имени Жайыка Бектурова"

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Material and spiritual culture of ethnos

Material and spiritual culture of ethnos

The Lithuanian language belongs to the Baltic group of an Indo-European family of languages. 2 main dialects are allocated: Samogitian and Aukštaitija.. The Lithuanian language better than other living Indo-European languages kept ancient lines in phonetics and morphology. Writing appeared in the 16th century on the basis of Latin graphics. The first Lithuanian book — M. Mazhvidas's Catechism (1547). The uniform literary language is formed at the end of 19 — the beginning of 20 centuries on the basis of the western Aukštaitija dialect. Belief — generally Catholics. Treat to the White Sea-Baltic of big Caucasoid race.

The Lithuanian folklore is rich and various: songs-dayns; fairytales, are numerous etiological legends, relicts of ancient myths (thunder god of Thunder, etc.).

Traditional occupations of Lithuanians — plow agriculture (a rye, barley, oats, wheat, peas, flax, since the end of 18 century - potatoes). Horse breeding, cultivation of cattle and pigs, beekeeping, fishery are developed.

Traditional crafts - weaving, an embroidery, forge, tree processing, woodcarving, weaving, pottery.

Traditional clothes

The female suit remained in a life till the 19th century, had local options: Samogitian, Aukštaitija, Dzūkija, Klaipeda, Cape and curtains.

Traditional cuisine


Basis of a traditional cuisine made rye, wheat flour, barley and oat groats, peas, milk, meat is more rare. Since the end 18 — the beginning of 19 centuries a wide circulation was received by potato dishes. Importance calendar holidays with a husband on the Christmas-tide and Shrovetide had, celebrations with fires, a swing, etc. on Ivanov day, etc.