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Toponyms edge

The continuity of past and present any people finds the reflection in names-toponimakh. Names of lands reveal secrets of centuries-old history of the Kazakh people. Renaming of many toponyms in difficult years which were tested by the people, as a result of it, the disappeared names of lands – all this is the main problem of today.

Toponymics (in Greek topos- places and onima, or onoma, - a name) - a science about place names. She is urged to explain an origin of place names, to shine history of their development.

The toponymics covers names not only large objects (mountains, the woods, the cities), but also small (streets, natural boundaries, ravines, creeks).

As the toponim-geographical name - at the same time is language and historical therefore it matters as an important source for linguistics, history, geography, archeology.

It is impossible to present modern society without place names. They ubiquitous and always accompany our thinking. Without them the civilization, communication between the people and the countries is inconceivable.


Karaganda and The twin cities

Akkuduk - the Kazakh name of the settlement of Tikhonovka. The name of the well overflowed with water, overflowing.

Aktas - the settlement of city type, From Kazakh ақ тас - «a white stone» that is connected with development of white clay.

Aktau - the settlement of city type. Literally «the white mountain».

Zhauyrtau-sopka. Literally «zhauyr-gall, a wound on a back of a horse from a saddle»; tau-"mountain". The name of the mountain ascends at all to its any external lines or signs. The legend about an origin of the name of Zhauyrtau is connected with the national epos "Kozy-Korpesh-Bayan-sulu". According to a legend greedy Karabay at whom in the winter of snow you will not elicit, in every possible way avoided courtship of the daughter of the beauty the Bayan with her beloved of the Goat. In a hurry removed it far away from brave Goats, hoping to find for the daughter more favorable party. When after tiresome and long movement during which from exhaustion was lost forty powerful narov-single-humped camels, Karabay Ayagoz as speak reached the river, fell in love with Bayan-slu the son Nogai by Shakshaka self-confident and rough Kodar. Having lost any hope to see with far Goats, Bayan-slu sends to it with a message about the transaction of messenger Dzhigit Aybas occurring against her will, having chosen it the best racer from numerous herds of the father stallion by name the Tank.

The long way on boundless steppe open spaces of which didn't take out forty habit of Karabay, exhausted also Aybas and his horse. But Aybas didn't recede. Having given to a stallion of the Tank short peredy at plentiful herbs of river banks of Tokyrauyn, it continues again the way. Pass long weeks and months, hoofs of a horse burst from wear, feet don't hold, on a back of a racer under a saddle the huge wound gapes. And that place where the Dzhigit left the horse, nicknamed in Zhauyrtau's people.

The last decades people began to call this mountain - Temirtau. Hardly locals would call it a casual name. And, most likely, fixing of this new name in consciousness and memory of people and, in general its birth was connected with that it associated with grandiose transformations of the last decades. Truly modern Temirtau (Literally «the iron mountain») that, probably, goes back to Kazakh тау-тау темір-«much, abundance, big the Panorama of Temirtau amount of iron», «iron mountains».

Karaganda - the natural boundary. Literally "karaganovy" (Kazakh караган «a black acacia» +ды adjective). On them and the name of mountains. Karaganda (Russian lane Karaganda).

Maykuduk - the inhabited massif. Apparently, it is inherited from ancient Turkic pagans at whom May (Literally "fat") mattered "sacred" or "patron" and served as a creed. By this word meant still the cut stone cobble-stone with the various symbols over time forgotten by Turkic peoples. Most likely, not casually such stones cobble-stones are, as a rule, found in the district which structure includes a word May. Kuduk -a well. Literally «a sacred well».

City Saran-From Kazakh саран «a grass growing on the saline soil».

Tentek - river. Literally "violent".


Abay region

Akbastau – the rural district «White-headed mountains».

The Borodino - the village. In 100 years when in the Russian Empire the Borodino battle was widely noted, on Nura's coast there arrived peasants immigrants from the Mozhaisk district of the Moscow province. They also founded the village Borodino which call now Borodino more often.

Zhartas - the district name in value «stone break». The same that drevnetyurksky language Chartash.

Karabas - the settlement. Literally «the black head».

The Koksun- state farm. In value «the heavenly river».

Konurtobe - the name of hills. Literally «a hill where the grass of kennels» abounds.

Kumadyr - the mountain. Literally «sandy adyr».

The Samara - the village. This one of the oldest villages. Its birth belongs by the beginning of our century. There is also a relevant document in the newspaper «Akmola regional sheets» (No. 44 for 1911»). In it it is said that on September 22, 1911 according to the resolution No. 398 on Dalnika's resettlement site of the Zakharov volost to enter rural public management. A new building to call as the village Samara. In the village name peasants immortalized the former place of a residence - the Samara province.

Sassykkol-  lake. Literally «the rotten lake».

Tekturmas - mountains. Literally «неймётся» (restless). Tentek - the river. Literally «violent (playful)».

Topar - it is probable, from the ethnic name an topar.

Sherubaynura - the river, railway station. On this earth from time immemorial there lived nomads, went in for cattle breeding. Dzhungara made the devastating attacks, exterminating the whole auls and stealing cattle. Aksakals tell about Sherubay-batyr's feats and his soldiers who crushed hordes джунгар and have released these places from enslavement. According to some legends it was lost absolutely young Dzhigit, and on some - lived to a ripe old age and is buried at top of the hill now bearing his name. People immortalized memory of this person in the small river and settlement name.

Yalta -village. Goes back to Kazakh « алты уй» (six families). There is no time on these poor slopes located, having disappeared from the fights, six poor families.


Bukharzhyrau region

Akkudyk – the settlement in vicinities of Karaganda, probably, its name is connected with a shade of the soil of the earth, / consists of an adjective – "ак" and «кудык» that means a well blagodatnost/.

Akbastau – the settlement. The basis топонима is made by the word "bastau". Bastau – a key, a spring, a source.

Akbel – settlement. The name which is often meeting in the Central Kazakhstan. It is connected with a shade of the soil of the earth. Names, characteristic to small and hilly valleys.

Akkora – river. "Bark" – in the tyurko-Mongolian languages means emptiness or dredging, strengthening.

Akzhar – the settlement. Consists of an adjective – ак. Probably, meaning color of break.

Akore – the settlement. Probably, designating the beginning or a water source. A word meaning "shouting" – lifting. Kazakhs have a concept began lifting – keys/the rivers / waters.

Alabas – according to the legend she received the name from one of aksakals of a tribe каржас removed from mountains Alabas from Bayanaul who decided to call new parking by a habitual name. Alabas is in several kilometers to the north from Korgankol/Akbel/.

As a whole, this district was familiar under the name of Korgankol earlier. The name connected with the lake. And further towards Shiderta Shybynda's names often meet.

Altyn su – inflow of the river of Nura. This district is known since ancient times as the mine center. In a bronze age in this place production of various metals, especially copper and gold was made.

Aryktykol – the lake/settlement. In this district even before resettlement of the Russian peasants Kazakhs were engaged in irrigation agriculture. Because watering of fields was made from the lake, the district received the name of Aryktykol. As a whole, the history of irrigation irrigational agriculture goes to ancient centuries.

Asyl – the settlement. It is considered that this place is very convenient for occupation by agriculture. It spoke in connection with existence of a large number of the rivers round it / Sherubay-Nur, Sokur/, it is possible, therefore the name is connected with this concept, or with properties of mountains.

Ashchisгu– the river. Inflow of the river of Nura. Turns into small small rivers in the summer.

Baymyrza – wintering. Historical name. The owner антропонима the wealthy man living in H_H an eyelid.

Becket – wintering. "Becket" – Kazakh antropony. Besides, the word "beket" can be a tracing-paper of the Russian term picket/guard, protection/.

Botakara – the settlement/lake/mountain/. Small hillocks in the Central Kazakhstan. The word "penalty" here is used as scoping. In the people the name of "boat" contacts a name of batyr Narbot who lived in the XVIII century. According to the legend among these hillocks there was a fight between Kazakhs and Kalmyks. At the head of the Kazakh soldiers there was Narbot batyr, and Kalmyks – girl Sheshen. Therefore, strengthening of Kazakhs was received by Botakar's name, and the party of Kalmyks – Sheshenkara.

Belagash – the settlement. Settles down in the woody district. The small woods, from Karkaralinsk in Bayanaul pass through Belagash. "Is white" - here it is used as a height.

Zhalgyzkudyk - the settlement. Feature, characteristic for the place names located in vicinities of Karaganda – often meeting name "kudyk".

Zhartas – the earth water name.

Karakol - the settlement/village Dubovka/. Means the lake without a current.

Keregetas – call the direct rock or a height. The name, frequent for the Central Kazakhstan.

Kotyr Kyzyltau – the mountain. Received the above-stated name, from characteristic signs of its stony cover. Has the general common meaning in the tyurko-Mongolian languages, and designates a roughness, roughness. By Kyzyltau – it is connected with color of rock. Red color the soil speaks about the content of iron in it.

Kokpekty – river. One of inflows of the river of Nur. Sinyukh – blue – a nutritious version of a plant.

Kyzylzhar – "heat" – ravine, break, direct the fallen-down part of the river bank. "Kyzyl" – indicates its color.

Kokozen – the river. The word "cook" matters waters, the rivers.

Kumiskudyk – one of numerous wells in vicinities of Karaganda. "Silver" - «kumis» – is connected with transparency, purity of water.

Kushoky – the settlement. A hillock without any woods trees.

Karakudyk – earth name in a vicinity of Karaganda. The settlement has the same name.

Kos agash – wintering. The word of "plaits" means the trees which have grown in two or in one row.

Kokdongelek – wintering. Probably, name of a race horse.

Karazhar - the settlement, the central estate of state farm "Karazhar". Carries the name - «black break» or «abrupt ravine».

Karakaytas - a state farm site of Babayev. The name of the isolated hills. Transfer means «a black sheep stone».

Karakuduk - the village is called on a well available here. Transfer - «a black well», «a well about which there is no stern».

Karakul - the Kazakh name of the settlement Dubovka. There is from a Turkic word «a soil lake», i.e. «the lake not from thawed, and from spring waters».

Karasu - the name of the small river eating exits of ground waters. From here and transfer «black water».

Kaskasiyr - is translated as «a bald cow».

Kerney - (Kerney's) mountain. From Kerney - the settlement Kerney, turned at will of the Russian clerk to the village Korneev.

Kozhar - a hill on Nura's right coast, received the name because of a rough, speckled surface. At Kozhar's foot the resettlement settlement founded in 1906 of Krestovka was located. In the thirties in connection with construction of the Samarkand reservoir the village was transferred on a new place - to the East from Tokarevka.

Kokpekty - the village, Nura's left inflow. Means «a place abounding with a plant кокпек».

Korgankol - Ozerov. Literally, lake «round, as form barrow».

Kumdykol - the lake in the area northeast. Literally «the lake with sandy coast».

Kumyzkuduk - the state farm settlement "Koktal". Literally «water, tasty, as koumiss».

Mayozek - the settlement. "Mayozek" means a magnificent grass.

Myrza – settlement/station/. Noble, complacent person.

Ogiz tobe – the mountain. Ogiz mountain, Ogiz tobe often meeting names in the territory of Kazakhstan.

Nura - the name of the river leaving to classic languages, to us not known. The river originating from top of the mountain, the ridge» means .

Samarkand - the central estate of state farm "Lenin". The initial name of the city - Temirtau. The settlement of Samarkand became zaselyatsy since 1906, and on February 10, 1909 acquired the right of independent rural management. Becoming populated in the first years Germans from the Samarkand province, the settlement incorporated bases of two words: «самар» - the former homeland of immigrants and "edging" in value the settlement. Inhabitants emphasized with this that they Samarkand. At the same time transfer from the Turkic word "samar" as «a bowl, the vessel» informs to us motive of an ancient legend when the dense birch woods grew in Nura's flood plain, and inhabitants were engaged in manufacturing of wooden bowls.

Sarykol - the lake in the south of the area. In value «the spacious lake».

Sarytobe - the natural boundary at a mountain foot Zhaur, the center of the second office of state farm of a name of Sverdlov. Here in 1902 known writer Gabiden Mustafin was born. Sarytobe means "extensive" or «a spacious hill».

Saumalkol - the salty lake. It is called on a grass саумал, growing on its coast.

Sokyr - river. Because of frequent crinkles and turns received the name "blind".

Semizbuta – mountain / the occupied point/. In the Central Kazakhstan the names connected with olenye meet. One of them – Zhauyrbugy, modern Temirtau.

Semizbugy – ancient topony, characteristic for drevnetyurksky languages.

Sadyk – wintering. This topony originates from a name of the owner of wintering Sadyk.

Termen/ Diirmen/-the tool from economic stock.

Tokan – wintering. Antroponim connected with a name of the person.

Togyzkudyk - the settlement. One of often meeting names located in vicinities of Karaganda – «kudyk». "Kudyk" – a well with water.

Tortkol - settlement. The name corresponding to landscape features of the district. The small lake without a current here means.

Tashoky – settlement. In the Kazakh language the term tas-shoky leans on a pure Turkic basis. «Shoky» – the name corresponding to landscape features of the Central Kazakhstan. On an example: Kosshoky, Tasshoky etc.

Tegiszhol – the settlement. It is translated as «the equal road».

Tekekarauzek - the Kazakh name of the village of Rostovk. Designates «a place of a beskormitsa of wild goats».

Terekty - ridge, a watershed between Sokur and Nura. Literal translation «a poplar grove».

Tortkul - the settlement and groups of lakes. It is literally translated «four lakes».

Ushtobe - the settlement. Name, characteristic to a relief of the Central Kazakhstan.

Ush tau – the settlement.

Sheshenkara – the settlement/mountain/. The term "Sheshenkara" has a difficult explanation and consists of two different components. A root of a word of Sheshen it is equivalent Mongolian Tsetsen that means «judicious, eloquent». In the Kazakh language – «sharp on language», «the penalty тау» – corresponds to concept the high.

Shily– inflow of the river of Nura. Small river. Points to a large number of a reed.

Sholak karasu – the earth/village Minkovka/name. Nura's small inflow. In the summer, breaking, becomes the small small river, the source begins with springs.

Shorshoky – the mountain. Probably, Shor – one of ancestors karakedeks. That means durability, stability.

Shatan – the settlement. Possibly, from the word "shat" – the dried bed of the river, a stream, a hollow.

Shantimes – the river. It is characteristic for the rivers with a rapid current.

The khan cuyegi – the settlement / Tokarevka/. Here the last khan of the Average жуза Bokey Bukharula/1819/is buried. According to other version in a grave the Khan cuyegiin the XIX century was buried known akyn

 Zhanak Sagyndykuly.


 Karkaraly region

Airtas - mountains. The acorus - goes back to the Turkoman айыр-"fork"; тас-"stone". Aygyrzhal - mountains. «The crest of the mountain covered with a grass aygyr».

Aynabulak - the village. From айна "mirror", rolls "small river" or "key", i.e. «a mirror key».

Ayryk - the village. Ayryk - "fork". Ayryk name also a place of merge of two mountain rivers or gorges. In turkic sources ayryk contacts a word aryk.

Akbastau - the river. From акбас and тау "mountain", i.e. «the mountain of akbasets». Or: from ак+бастау-«a transparent spring».

Akbulak - a spring. From Turkic language. the joint stock company - to "proceed", "flow down" and rolls "stream". Akzhal - mountains. From joint stock company in value "white" also reaped "crest". Aktasty - the village. Ак+тас+ты, literally "white stone"

Akshoky- the name of numerous mountains and hills. Ak+shoky-«a hill with a plentiful grass».

Arkalyk - mountains. An arch - "North", «the back party», "back". Arkalyk has also arkinets value from a nominal basis an arch.

Akarly - mountains. From аркар - «архар» - a place where are found argali.

Auliyetas - a spring. Literally «a sacred stone».

Ashchiuzek - valley. From ащы+узек «a salty +not big hollow, the ravine».

Balyktykol - the lake. From Kazakh a балык +ты +коль. «The lake having fish, with fish».

Berikkara - spurs of mountains Kyzyltas. From берік + кара in value «inaccessible top».

Besoba - the district. Literally «five about» (both).

Bestamak - the natural boundary. From бес+тамак. Literally «five isthmuses».

Bosaga - the mountain. Literally «lateral faces of a door», "threshold".

Bugyla - the name of mountains in value «a place where deer, marals» are found.

Egizzkyzyl - the mountain. Egiz+kyzyl-«high (hill) of red color».

Egindybulak - the village. Two options are possible: «spring beginning» or «a twisting stream».

Edrey - mountains. Literally «to be raised, hitched up».

Zhaksy Abraly - mountains. Two values: 1) «high Abrala»; 2) rather favorable environment of this district.

Zhalgyzkaragay - the natural boundary. Zhalgyz-"lonely"; karagay-«pine forest, pine, fir-tree».

Zhamantau - a massif. Literally каз. «the bad mountain». In value "low", "low".

Zharly - the river. "Steep".

Zheltau - mountains. Literally "wind mountain" in value «the windy mountain».

Zhosaly - in value «a place where there is a lot of an ochre».

Zhuantobe - mountains. In hill healthy fellow value, Literally «thick тобе».

Karabastau - mountains. Goes back to ethnonym karabas: «mountain of karabases».

Karabulak - the village. From the tyurko-Mongolian root - «a soil streamlet».

Karagaily - the natural boundary. Literally "fir-tree" or "pine".

Karazhal - mountains. «A high (mountain) ridge».

 Karasu - the river. Goes back to an ancient Turkic root. Literally «the earth - water», i.e. type of the river eating exits of ground waters at a foot of mountains, in intermountain valleys.

Karatau - mountains. A penalty - "black"; tau-"mountain".

Karkaraly - mountains, the city. Literally «having каркару». Karkara-«a high cap of the girl with ornaments from feathers».

Kent - mountains. Literally «city, settled settlement».

Kentobe - mine. In value «a hill where found ore».

Kyrgyzstan – the rural district. The initial name - "Burkutty". In 1954 pervotselinnik of Kyrgyzstan constructed state farm.

Koktal - the river. The cook the Turkoman means. - « clearly visible tops».

Koktobe - mountains. Koktobe-«a heavenly hill from which top it is far visible».

Kokshetau - mountains. Literally «the bluish mountain» or «синюха». The double etymology is possible: 1) the mountain with a vegetation abundance kokche; 2) kokche-a name of the sort occupying these places.

Konurtemirshy - mountains. Literally «the smith - a konurets». Konurtobe - mountains. Literally «a hill where the grass of kennels» abounds. Konyrzhal - the mountain. The mountain ridge abounding with herbs konyr.

Koyanda - the natural boundary. Quite widespread name. From the Kazakh root «a place abounding with hares», Literally "hare".

Ku - mountains. From the name of Turkic peoples from a nominal basis ku the "swan", a thicket meeting at Kazakhs in a combination ұуды тауы, i.e. «the Kuvsk mountain».

Kuygenkystau - the natural boundary. In value «burned wintering». Kurozek - the river. In value «the dry ravine».

Kyzylsu - Literally «red water». It is given on a shade of washed-away breed. Pertinently to compare from the Kazakh root Kyzyl a sou (partly thawed snow) in figurative sense «small (superficial) water».

Kyzyltas - the mountain. Literally «a red stone».

Kyzyl-Chilik - the natural boundary. Kyzyl - red. Chilik - from an ancient Turkic root of the people - "wind”,ек - "windy".

Kyzylshoky - the natural boundary. «A red hill».

Myrzhik - the ridge. Goes back to этнониму Kazakhs. Literally "gundosy".

Myrzashoky - in value «a hill of myrzinets».

Nayza - the mountain. Literally "peak".

Nayzashoky - the natural boundary. «A peaked hill».

Pashennoye - the lake. The reservoir had an ancient Kazakh name - Kishkenekol (the small lake), but it was forgotten soon. People of orthodox belief ashore established a wooden cross. Anybody already also doesn't remember, whom buried. There was one more name - Grishkekol-Grishkino the lake. Cossacks as lodged here so chose this place under crops. Because of crop failures many threw then agriculture. Only one person - Grigory didn't give up. His Hleborobsky soul grumbled against injustice of the nature.Traces of a plow weren't effaced, became a perceptible reference point for the population. The thrown arable lands generated the new name - Pashennoye.

Saryshoky - the natural boundary. «A wide hill». Semizbuga- the mountain. Semiz-fat, bugy-soiled.

Serektas - mountains. Literally «a sticking-out stone». a zero Pashennoye Suykbulak - «a cold stream».

Talda - the district name. A basis тал here in value Iran. "hillock", "hill". Талдысай - the village. From Kazakh «the ravine with talnik». Tasbulak - a key. From Kazakh «a spring following from under stones». Terekta - the village. Literally "poplar". Tokai - mountains. It is called on ethnonym Kazakhs.

Tundyk - Literally "night", in value «the small river which all length the horseback rider can cover for one night».

Shaytankol- «the devil's lake».

Shalpak-karagay - the natural boundary. Zhalpak - «flat, wide». Karagay-"pine forest".


Nurinsk region

Alabas - the lake located in nine kilometers of North to the east of the settlement Kenzharyk. Occurred from words «ала» и «бас» that «the motley head» literally means because the lake entirely grew with a cane.

Alabotaly - the lake in 3 km North to the west of Izenda's settlement. From "is scarlet" + "boat" - the lake among the hills covered with a bush.

Alakol - the lake in 21 km South to the west of the settlement Kenzharyk. On national etymology "is scarlet" + "if" it is perceived as «the motley lake».

Amantau - the central estate of state farm "Amantau". From "Aman" + «тау» -« the uninhabited mountain».

Arshaly - the river. From арша+лы "archovy", «a place where grows арча».

Arykty - the lake to the east of Arykta's settlement. There was from the Kazakh word "arychny". Water of this reservoir was long since used for an irrigation of coastal arable lands.

Ahmet aul - settlement. On memoirs of old residents it was formed and called a name by Ahmet from a sort to "Torah". Descendants live it in state farm "Enthusiast". Ahmet-bay was the prosperous person. In 1934 it was banished to Petropavlovsk. The aul totaled 200 people. There was a bench, a smithy, library. Over time Ahmet aul grew to the big village and in 1954 is renamed in "Enthusiast".

Ashchysor - the lake in 27 km to the west of state farm "Kiev". «Ащы» - "solonets" (the same that the district with the saline soil, with salty water).

Baytugan - the old name of state farm «Lenin's Way». Literal «a rich spring».

Balakundyzda - inflow of the river of Ulkenkundyzdy. Thereby the smaller size of the river of Balakundyzda is emphasized.

Balykty - the lake. From Kazakh балык+ты with passed if - "lake". Literally «having fish», «with fish».

Baronial - the village. The place under the settlement was chosen in 1899. The resettlement site was given the name - "Pushkin" since in 1899 100 years since the birth of Pushkin were executed. Baronial began to become populated since 1908. Immigrants - Germans, arrived from the Samara and Saratov provinces. Formation of collective farm "Baron" falls on 1930.

Barshino - the village. From corvees. The etymology can be connected with Turkic barshin-"golden eagle" (after the sixth molt).

Basal - the lake in 11 kilometers to the north of the settlement Tassuat. The name on ethnonym Kazakhs "rest", «the quiet lake».

Bersuat - the settlement. Designates «the strengthened watering place».

Zhaykop - the lake in 2 km to the west of Arykta's settlement. Points to character, soil structure - «the friable saline soil which has grown with a cane, kugy».

Efremov (1909) - the village called in honor of peasant Gavrila Andriyovych Efremov which in 1858 began the first of Russian to plow the earth and to sow wheat near to Nura's coast in the settlement Kankrin. Subsequently descendants moved from Kankrinsky directly on Nura's coast.

Zhalpaksor - the lake in 3 km to the south of the settlement Shunkyrkol. Literally «the extensive saline soil».

Zhamankol - the lake in 6 km to the south of state farm "Kiev". «The unsafe, bad lake».

Zhanakurlus - state farm office «Lenin's Way»; it is translated as «new construction, a new building».

Zharaspay - the old name of state farm «17 years of October». In written sources of the drevnetyurksky people this word called grapes. In modern Kazakh language this word is used as a name.

Zharlykol - the lake in 67 km South to the west of the settlement Kulanotpes. Characterizes «the lake with steep coast».

Zakharov- the village. If to adhere to contemporary records, at the village Zakharov double name-Zakharovsk-Nurinsk. The name of a resettlement site was approved in 1901. It is taken from a national calendar where there was also Zakharyev day. In documents of 1902 the site is called as Zakharov. On April 27, 1909 the Akmolinsk board decided to enter independent management on a site Zakharov with the name its village Nurinsk. The name Nurinsk held on only three years. In 1912 Zakharov it is approved as the volost center. In 1931 of the village of Plakhovk, Semyonovka, Zakharov united in collective farm of Century of Century of Kuibyshev. Since March, 1961 Zakharov is the state farm center.

Ivanovka - village. The first data on this ancient village meet in the list of the resettlement sites formed from 1893 to 1903. The village is designed in 1899. The site started to become populated in 1900. Immigrants from the central regions of Ukraine, mainly from the Taurian province became the first inhabitants of Ivanovka. In 1900 the rights of independent point were appropriated to Ivanovka.

Izendy - the state farm settlement "Nurinsk". The name occurred from the Kazakh word "изень " and designates a place overgrown with a grass isen.

Karakamys- a state farm site «17 years of October», literally «a black empty cane».

Karakaska - village. Literally «black with a bald head», i.e. with «a white mark» in value " clearly visible ".

Karakuduk - a state farm site "Nurinsk", the natural boundary of black snags.

Karatay - the lake in 17 km North to the west of state farm "Kiev". The name goes back to the name of patrimonial division of Kazakhs.

Karoy- a state farm site «Lenin's Way», is treated as «a mountain hilly hollow».

Kenzharyk - the settlement on the river Kulanotpes, the name connect with a wide crevice in the earth.

Kerey - the lake. Name of ethnic division of Kazakhs.

Kiyevka - village. The resettlement site Kiev the Chernigov volost is educated in 1896. The settling beginning - 1898. Natives of the Kiev province founded the village.

The Kiev - village. It is formed in 1954. Carries such name because the first groups of volunteers-tselinnikov were from Kiev.

Kiyakty - the lake. From Kazakh - "ostrets" +-ty, indicating abundance kiyak-ostrets steppe.

Kobykol - the lake South to the east of Semyonovka's settlement. The geographical term designates that the lake shallow, inclined to drying.

Kokuzek - the state farm settlement "Trudovik". The name speaks about a green narrow valley with traces of a bed of the river.

Koskopa- the Kazakh name of the settlement "Borodino", the lake name. Means pair of lakes in saline soils.

Kulanotpes - inflow of the river of Nura. The name underlines its depth - «the pendent won't pass».

Kumkol- the lake to the West from the village Over the river. Explains existence of the sandy coast combined from fine-grained gray sand.

Kurenala - the lake in 29 km South to the east of Kiyevka's settlement. The name explains dark brown color of water.

Kyzylzhulduz - a state farm site "Chernigov". The name goes from the former collective farm «Red star».

Kyzylshilik - a state farm site "Trudovik". The name occurred from the natural boundary where red bushes of a talnik, краснотала grew.

Kypshak - the lake. Name of ethnic division of Kazakhs.

Mayorovka - village. The village on a resettlement site of Ulkentaldysay is formed on November 27, 1909. It is called in honor of one of active initiators of resettlement of Germans from coast of Volga on Nura's coast - Charles Andriyovych Mayer.

Nayza - the highest point of the area. Height of this mountain in the state farm territory "Amantau" 663 meters. Literally - the mountain peak, the peaked mountain».

Nura - the river on the bank of which many settlements of the area are located. Scientists consider this word derivative of Mongolian - "failure" or "abyss". At Nur's Kazakh people the top part of a mountain ridge, mountain top» is the term similar to concept «. Thus, Nur is the river, current (originating) from mountain top.

Ondurus - the state farm settlement "Chernigov". Former name of collective farm "Production".

Oshagandy - inflow of the river of Nura and the Kazakh name of the village Andronikov. The district abounding with burdocks.

"Commune of Paris" - the village. On March 18, 1930 general meeting of peasants of the village of Kiyevk made the decision on collective farm creation. This day in a calendar is celebrated as Put memories of the Commune of Paris.

Plakhov - village. Occurs from Plakhov's surname which was the employee of Akmolinsky resettlement management. Headed one of country sites of the district. Immigrants called the village Plakhovsky in hope that the military official will give them all attention and support.

Przheval - village. In 1954 there passed expedition of travelers pioneers under the direction of Przhevalsky. Therefore the created new village was called a name Przhevalsky.

Saryala - the lake of east part of the area, in 25 km South to the east of Kiyevka. The name says that it «the motley lake» belonged to Kazakhs from Sara's sort.

Saumalkol - the lake. From saumal (name herbs) and kol.

Serlukamys - the lake in 22 km North to the east of the settlement Tassuat. The name is translated as «a beautiful cane».

Sonaly. From sonaly. In value «a place where gadflies» are found.

Sorkol- the lake in 10 km South to the east of the settlement Tassuat. The name is translated as «a beautiful cane».

Taldysay - state farm. From талдысай (Kazakh «the ravine with a talnik»).

Tapalkol- the lake in 12 km South to the west of the settlement Kenzharyk, literal transfer - «the lake in the lowland».

Taskol - the lake in 11 km to the west of state farm "Kiev". It is correct to tell Tastykol-«the stony lake».

Tassuat - the lake in 14 km North to the east of the settlement Tassuat. From Kazakh «a stony watering place».

Tengiz - the lake. From dengiz-the sea.

Tersakkan - the river. In value «the river flowing in the opposite direction».

Toparkol- a state farm site "Nurinsk". Topar-name of an ethnic group of the Kazakh nationality. Toparkol-literally «Topar lake, lake of Topar inhabitants».

Tuzkol- the lake in 4 km North to the east of the settlement Kenzharyk. The correct name "Tuzdykol" that literally means «the salty lake».

Tumenbek - a hill. Is in 1,5 km to the northwest from state farm "Enthusiast". Long time was winter quarters of nomadic Kazakhs. The hill is called a name of the prosperous person. This place was chosen by Tumanbek because there were favorable conditions for cattle cultivation. Nearby there was Nur's river and its inflow - Kokpekty's river.

Chernigovka - the village. In 1896 in the natural boundary Kobitya of Akmolinsky area formed Chernigovk's village. The first inhabitants arrived from the Chernigov province from the villages of Lyublino and Okhrimovichi. The village is the oldest among rural settlements not only in the area, but also in area.

Miner - the village. The village is formed in 1954 and called so because immigrants from were the first inhabitants of this village. Mines of the Rostov region.

Shoptykol- the lake. From Kazakh шопти "grassy" and if "lake" in value «the lake which has grown with algas, a grass (drying up)».

Shoshkakol - the lake on border with the former Zhezkazgansky area. The biggest lake of the area, area of 320 square kilometers. At length 8,5 and width of 6,7 km has depth only one meter and often dries up. Dense thickets of a cane allow to be found here to wild pigs because of what the lake and received the name «a kabanye the lake».

Shubarkol - the lake. From tyurko-mongolian шубар and kol, the lake in the dense boggy wood.

Shubartyube - a state farm site "Nurinsk". The word is used here in value «a woody, overgrown hill».

Shunkyrkol- the settlement. Literal transfer - «a hollow, a hole, a hollow».


Osakarov village

Agashtykol — the lake. From Kazakh агаш and if in value «the wood lake».

Akdym - the mountain. Word transfer Akdym is interesting. Two words here united: Kazakh "joint stock company" - white» and Russian "smoke". Actually the beginning goes from Akda - «growing white mountains». The letter "m" was attached about 70 years ago by immigrants from Russia.

Batpak - the village. From батпак (бат+пак) "bog", "dirt", «a fenny place». Many already also forgot that at the village Batpak an initial name - the village Kronidov. Here, to the Central Kazakhstan, Germans - immigrants from coast of Volga, even before revolution brought it. Here is how this event in the newspaper «Akmola regional sheets» (by No. 23 for 1909) is fixed: «The resolution No. 99 from April 28, 1909 to enter independent rural management on a site Batpak of the Liflyand volost, having nominated it the settlement Kronidov».

Boguchar - the village. In the Voronezh region there is a city of Boguchar founded in 1717 on the bank of the river with the same name Boguchar. Immigrants gave to the village this name.

Ereymentau - mountains. There are 4 versions: 1). Ereymen's called in honor of the person living once here the mountains Ereymentau-. 2). "Er" - a saddle, «емень» - an oak. Connection of two words gives «a saddle of an oak fortress». According to stories of aksakals, the ereymentausky birch differs an unusual fortress, is firm as an oak. The Kazakh handymen used birch rhizomes for manufacturing of a wooden part of a saddle - a lenchik. 3). Legend. Ereymentau's mountains have the legend connected with fight against dzhungar conquerors. Batyr Bogumbay tired out once the enemy to these mountains. In one of gorges single combat of Bogumbay with the leader джунгар took place. The stranger was won. Soldiers of Bogumbaya rushed to catch a horse of the opponent. Soon in mountains exulting shouts were distributed: «Ермен, ермен!» («With a saddle, with a saddle!»). Since then also began to call in the people Ereymentau's these mountains.

Zhamankol- the lake, in value «the unsafe, bad lake». Zhartas - the settlement. The district name in value «stone break». Zhuantyube - a hill. In hill healthy fellow value, Literally «thick тобе». Zhylanda - the natural boundary. From каз. жылан "snake" and possession - ды: "snake".

Ishim - the most known river of the Osakarov area. Kazakh есиль occurs from ancient Turkic yeshil-"blue". The river originates from northwest slopes of mountains Niyaz at height about 450 meters above sea level. Till extent of the course within Kazakhstan (1400 km) Ishim takes the third place in the republic after Irtysh (1698) and Syr-Darya (1682).

Karakol- the lake. From the Turkoman. «the soil lake», i.e. «the lake not from thawed, and from ground waters».

Kondratovka (Kondratyevka) - the village. It is called in honor of the brave general, the hero of Russian-Japanese war Kondratenko Roman Isidorovich. Was lost at defense of Port Arthur, it is buried in Petersburg, in Alexander Nevsky Lavra.

Kreshchenskoe - village. The name it is connected with a religious holiday of Christians baptisms. Tell that in 1909 on a baptism villagers during a festive dinner settled - to call the village Kreshchenskoe. Initial data on this village the very poor. The total area of lands made 16186 dessiatinas. In the allocated territory Alibek's aul settled down. The first houses appeared in the same 1907. Unlike other settlements formed by peasants of one village, natives of different places here gathered. The part arrived from Beloyarovka's neighboring villages, Konstantinovka, Turgenev, Vishnyovka. But the resettlement site Karabulak slowly became populated.

Kundyzda - the river. In value «the small river where beavers» are found.

Kurayly - the former resettlement site (now page Volsky). In value «a place where abounds with a chicken».


Kushoky - the mountain. In value «an uninhabited (unsociable) hill». Marzhankol - the lake. Literally «the pearl lake».

Niyaz - the biggest till extent mountain сопочный ridge of the Osakarovsky area. Scientists consider that a word Niyaz of the Iranian origin. Literal transfer - «the virtuous mountain». At width in 10-15 kilometers the ridge was stretched from the South to the north on 80-90 kilometers. Gradually going down, mountains Niyaz leave on the territory of Akmolinsky area where merge with Ermentau's mountains. The description of mountains Niyaz was made for the first time in 1900. About vegetation it is told: «On stones the juniper and a barberry, on slopes - small bushes of a black dogrose and караганы, and in ravines - bushes of willows creep. In crude ravines and wide valleys meet rare birch and aspen a scaffold. On slopes the bogorodsky grass, small cereals, hare cabbage grows...» Mountains Niyaz are a watershed of four main rivers of Sara Arch: Olenta, Shiderta, Nura and Ishim.

Olenty- the river. In value «a place where is sedge (каз. deer) meadows. According to L.Ligeti, olan at Mongols, olon at some Turkic peoples, the uhlan at Persians means «a dense grass».

Osakarovka - the center of the large agricultural region. Philologists conduct dispute on word "Osakarovka" toponymics - whether this name from Hersonshchina or came from steppe Tavriya, from where in 1908 in search of the better lot there arrived here peasants immigrants. On August 11, 1910 the Akmolinsky regional board decided: on a resettlement site Shetkebulak to enter independent management. Sat down to call and subordinate in volost Vishnevskaya administrative plan. Number of inhabitants made 211 people.

Oshaganda - Nura's inflow. Literally «the district abounding with burdocks, lopukhovy».

Svyatogorovka - the village. From mountains Auliye - тау - sacred, sacred mountains.

Skobelevka - village. The name is connected with a name of the military leader, general Mikhail Dmitriyevich Skobelev (1843-1882), differing big personal bravery. In 1908 in Russia the 40 anniversary from the date of the Victory in Russian-Turkish war was widely celebrated. Patriotic new settlers called a name of the hero of this war of M. D. Skobelev the settlement.

Tuzdy - the river. Literally "salty".

Shiderty - the river. Literally «belt путы for a stren of a horse». However scientific Murzayevs treat it in value «dirt, a bog, viscous silt», identifying with Turkic-Mongolian toponimy Shaber-Shabar.

Shybyndy- the lake. In value «a place where there are a lot of flies».



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